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Why does the number of bonds make carbon the backbone of many organic molecules?

Why does the number of bonds make carbon the backbone of many organic molecules?

The bonding properties of carbon For one thing, carbon-carbon bonds are unusually strong, so carbon can form a stable, sturdy backbone for a large molecule. Because a C atom can form covalent bonds to as many as four other atoms, it’s well suited to form the basic skeleton, or “backbone,” of a macromolecule.

What are heteroatoms what is their importance?

Heteroatoms in organic chemistry are defined as those atoms other than carbon or hydrogen. Heteroatoms have a profound effect on the reactivity of organic molecules.

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How does the presence of heteroatoms affect physical properties?

The presence of heteroatoms in the resulting heterocyclic fragments leads to the redistribution of electron density and changes in possible aromatic character [4], which allows for the manipulation of various molecular properties, such as reactivity, optoelectronic properties, chelating ability and many others.

Why are carbon carbon bonds so strong?

The Uniqueness of Carbon The carbon atom has four valence (outermost) electrons. Because each carbon is identical, they all have four valence electrons, so they can easily bond with other carbon atoms to form long chains or rings.

How does the bonding properties of carbon atoms result in the large variety of carbon-based molecules in living things?

Infer Explain how the bonding properties of Carbon atoms result in the large verity of carbon-based molecules in living things. Carbon atoms are able to form four covalent bonds with other atoms including other carbon atoms; many other types of atoms can bond to carbon, and many different combinations are possible.

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Why are organic compounds able to form many organic compounds?

There are millions of known organic compounds, which is far more than the number of inorganic compounds. The reason lies within the uniqueness of carbon’s structure and bonding capabilities. Carbon has the ability to bond to itself repeatedly, making long chains of carbon atoms as well as ringed structures.

How does the bonding of atoms affect the properties of organic compounds?

The properties of organic molecules depend on their structure being made of simple molecules . The atoms in an individual molecule are joined together by strong covalent bonds . The intermolecular forces vary between molecules, so different organic compounds have different melting points and boiling points.

Why are heteroatoms reactive?

chemical reactivity All heteroatoms have a greater or lesser attraction for electrons than does carbon. Thus, each bond between a carbon and a heteroatom is polar, and the degree of polarity depends on the difference between the electron-attracting properties of the two…

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Why do heteroatoms confer reactivity on a particular molecule?

Why do heteroatoms confer reactivity on a particular molecule? Because they have lone pairs and create electron-rich sites on carbon. Because they have lone pairs and create electron-deficient sites on carbon.

What are Heteroatomic gases?

Typical heteroatoms are nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), sulfur (S), phosphorus (P), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), and iodine (I), as well as the metals lithium (Li) and magnesium (Mg).

Why carbon carbon single bond is strong and stable?

Answer: Atoms will covalently bond with other atoms in order to gain more stability, which is gained by forming a full electron shell. By sharing their outer most (valence) electrons, atoms can fill up their outer electron shell and gain stability.