Why is Greece called yunani?
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Why is Greece called yunani?
The name Yūnān (Persian: یونان), came through Old Persian during the Achaemenid Empire (550-333 BC). It was derived from the Old Persian Yauna for the Ionian Greeks (Ancient Greek: Ἰάονες, iāones), on the western coast of Asia Minor and were the first Greeks to come into contact with the Persians.
Where is yunani?
Persian called the peoples in Ionia as Yunan, while the place named as Yunanistan (land of Yunan). By mentioning of Greece as Yunan, the persians brought the term to Malay Archipelago and Yunani is remained in Malay to mean Greece.
How did the Indonesian language develop?
Indonesian is a normative form of the Malay language, an Austronesian (or Malayo-Polynesian) language which had been used as a lingua franca in the Indonesian archipelago for centuries, and was elevated to the status of official language with the Indonesian declaration of independence in 1945, drawing inspiration from …
Why is Netherlands called belanda?
Well Portuguese Holanda was borrowed in the Indies first as Wolanda. This became the basic of the Javanese Walanda. In Malay /w/ in the beginning of a word was phonologically not possible. So it became Belanda.
How did Hellas become Greece?
It turns out that both “Greece” and “Hellas” have Greek roots, but “Greece” was adopted by the Romans (as the Latin word “Graecus”), and later adopted into English, according to the Oxford English Dictionary. The OED says Aristotle uses “Graiko” as the name for the first inhabitants of the region.
What languages does Indonesian borrow from other countries?
The vocabulary of Indonesian borrows heavily from regional languages of Indonesia, such as Javanese, Sundanese and Minangkabau, as well as from Dutch, Sanskrit, Portuguese, Arabic and more recently English.
Why did the Japanese ban the Dutch language in Indonesia?
When the Japanese invaded the Netherlands East Indies in 1942 one of their first measures was to prohibit use of the Dutch language. Since very few Indonesians knew Japanese, Malay (now called Indonesian) had to be used in administration even more widely and intensively than it had been under the Dutch.
What are the major ethno-linguistic groups within Indonesia?
The major ethno-linguistic groups within Indonesia. Indonesia recognizes only a single national language, and indigenous languages are recognized at the regional level, although policies vary from one region to another. For example, in the Special Region of Yogyakarta, the Javanese Language is the region’s official language along with Indonesian.
Why is Malay still a minority language in the Dutch East Indies?
Only a small elite of indigenous Indonesians ever learned the Dutch language, and consequently Malay, although still very much a minority language in the Indies, was crucial to the smooth administration of the colony. When the Japanese invaded the Netherlands East Indies in 1942 one of their first measures was to prohibit use of the Dutch language.