What type of cancer does benzene cause?

What type of cancer does benzene cause?

Long-term exposure to high levels of benzene in the air can cause leukemia, cancer of the blood-forming organs.

When did benzene cause cancer?

Benzene-induced cancer in humans was first reported in the late 1920s. Carcinogenesis findings in animals were not reported conclusively until 1979.

Where do you get benzene exposure?

People can be exposed to benzene in the environment from gasoline fumes, automobile exhaust, emissions from some factories, and waste water from certain industries. Benzene is commonly found in air in both urban and rural areas, but the levels are usually very low.

What mutation Does benzene cause?

Benzene exposure was found to induce gene-duplicating mutations at the glycophorin A locus in the peripheral red blood cells of exposed humans (120,121), causing a phenotype associated with topo II inhibitors (122) that could arise from mitotic recombination.

Can benzene cause breast cancer?

Benzene is chemical solvent involved in several hematological diseases, such as leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome (79). Experimental studies demonstrated that exposure to benzene can induce breast cancer (80). However, few studies on humans have shown that benzene is involved in breast cancer development.

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Can benzene cause melanoma?

Few studies have suggested that exposure to benzene can cause malignant melanoma, stomach cancer, prostatic cancer and nasal cancer (52–55).

How are we exposed to benzene?

How are people exposed to benzene? People are exposed to benzene primarily by breathing air that contains the chemical. Workers in industries that produce or use benzene may be exposed to the highest levels of the chemical, although federal and state regulations have reduced these exposures in recent decades.

Can benzene cause polycythemia?

The physician noted that the occurrence of myeloproliferative disorders, such as polycythemia vera and essential thrombocytosis, caused by benzene and caused by mixed solvent exposure in the absence of benzene is supported by the medical literature.

Does benzene cause bladder cancer?

They found evidence of an association between occupational exposure to trichloroethylene, perchloroethylene, aliphatic and aro- matic hydrocarbon solvents, benzene and toluene and bladder cancer risk. Among these solvents, only benzene and trichloro- ethylene are currently classified as Group 1 carcinogens to humans.