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What is the easiest way to determine hybridization?

What is the easiest way to determine hybridization?

Here’s what you do: Look at the atom. Count the number of atoms connected to it (atoms – not bonds!) Count the number of lone pairs attached to it….Add these two numbers together.

  1. If it’s 4, your atom is sp3.
  2. If it’s 3, your atom is sp2.
  3. If it’s 2, your atom is sp.

How do you find the hybridization of coordination compounds?

So, total 8 electrons take up four 3d orbitals in Fe. The remaining one, hybridises with 4s and 4p orbitals to form the 5 hybrid dsp3 orbitals. Now, CO can donate it’s 5*2=10 electrons to it….Hybridization according to above formula will be:

  1. 2 = sp.
  2. 3= sp2.
  3. 4= sp3.
  4. 5= sp3d.
  5. 6= sp3d2 or d2sp3.
  6. 7= sp3d3.
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How do you find the hybridization and shape of a compound?

This step is crucial and one can directly get the state of hybridization and shape by looking at the Lewis structure after practicing with few molecules. Number of σ-bonds formed by the atom in a compound is equal to the number of other atoms with which it is directly linked to.

How to find the hybridization of an atom based on steric number?

Now, based on the steric number, it is possible to get the type of hybridization of the atom. Consult the following table. If the steric number and the number of σ-bonds are equal, then the structure and shape of molecule are same. This case arises when there are no lone pairs on the given central atom.

What is the hybridization of 3 sigma bonds and 1 lone pair?

Eg if an atom has 3 sigma bonds and 1 lone pair, hybridization no. Will be 3+1 =4 Draw the molecular structure. Get the 3-dimensional structure from the VSEPR (valence shell electron pair repulsion) model. Now go in reverse: predict the hybridisation from the 3-dimensional orientation of bonds!

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What is the hybridization and shape of methane in Step 5?

STEP-5: Assign hybridization and shape of molecule. The hybridization of carbon in methane is sp3. This molecule is tetrahedral in structure as well as in shape, since there are no lone pairs and the number of σ-bonds is equal to the steric number. The bond angle is 19o28′.