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What are the elements used to check the logic of an argument or statement?

What are the elements used to check the logic of an argument or statement?

There are three stages to creating a logical argument: Premise, inference, and conclusion. The premise defines the evidence, or the reasons, that exist for proving your statement.

How do you evaluate a philosophical argument?

In order to determine whether an argument is valid or not, ask yourself: Supposing that the premises are or were true (whether they really are or not), must the conclusion be true? If the answer is yes, then the argument is valid. If the answer is no, then the argument is invalid.

How would you assess the strength and soundness of their argument?

Summary

  1. An argument is valid if and only if if its premises are assumed to be true then the conclusion must also be true OR if its premises are assumed to be true then it’s impossible for its conclusion to be false.
  2. An argument is sound if and only if it is valid and its premises are all true.
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What makes a statement true in logic?

A statement is true if what it asserts is the case, and it is false if what it asserts is not the case. For instance, the statement “The trains are always late” is only true if what it describes is the case, i.e., if it is actually the case that the trains are always late.

How do you identify an argument in critical thinking?

There are three steps to argument identification:

  1. Understand the Context: Is someone trying to convince you of something?
  2. Identify the Conclusion: What are they trying to convince you?
  3. Identify the Reasons: Why do they think you should believe them?

What is evaluating in philosophy?

Evaluation is based two philosophies one, traditional philosophy is that ability to learn is randomly distributed in the general population. It means that if some learning task is assigned to a class and then a test is administered to study their performance.

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How do you evaluate an argument for soundness?

Soundness: An argument is sound if it meets these two criteria: (1) It is valid. (2) Its premises are true. In other words, a sound argument has the right form AND it is true. Note #3: A sound argument will always have a true conclusion.