How is Lake Chad remediated?
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How is Lake Chad remediated?
The UN says 10.7 million people in the Lake Chad basin need humanitarian relief to survive. It came up with Transaqua – a plan to construct a 2,400km (1,500 mile) canal to transfer water from the upstream tributaries of the mighty Congo River all the way to the Chari River basin, which feeds Lake Chad.
What caused the shrinking of Lake Chad?
Lake Chad, in the Sahel region of Africa (and once the sixth largest lake in the world) has shrunk by 90\% over the last 40 years, primarily due to increased agricultural and municipal water withdrawals, but also due in-part to climate change and persistent droughts (Gao et al., 2011) .
Who owns Lake Chad?
Lake Chad’s declining water level has been on the political agenda of the Sahel region since the 1960s. The water is shared by Niger, Nigeria, Chad and Cameroon though it also affects communities in the larger regional spread of the basin that includes Libya, Algeria, Sudan and the Central African Republic.
What are the effects of Lake Chad shrinking?
The 30 million people living in the Lake Chad region compete over water, and the drying up of the lake could lead to migration and conflicts, according to FAO. Fish production has recorded a 60 percent decline, while pasturelands have been degraded, resulting in a shortage of animal feed, livestock and biodiversity.
Is Lake Chad going to dry up?
Our results indicate that in tandem with groundwater and tropical origin of water supply, over the last two decades, Lake Chad is not shrinking and recovers seasonally its surface water extent and volume.
Are there fish in Lake Chad?
BayadSynodontis schallDistichodus rostratusLabeo senegalensis
How much water has Lake Chad lost?
Former Research Analyst – Africa Growth Initiative Between 1963 and 2013, the lake lost 90 percent of its water mass, shrinking from 25,000km2 to 2,500km2. The reduction in the size of the lake has threatened the resources and livelihoods of the 50 million residents in that region.
Is Lake Chad freshwater or saltwater?
Lake Chad, French Lac Tchad, freshwater lake located in the Sahelian zone of west-central Africa at the conjunction of Chad, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger.
Has Lake Chad dry up?
What has caused Lake Chad to dry up?
Lake Chad has literally gone from being an oasis in the desert, to being just desert. Poor human management through overgrazing and unsustainable irrigation has resulted in the replacement of natural vegetation with invasive plant species (now covering 50\% of the lake), deforestation and the drying of the climate.
Is Lake Chad natural or artificial?
Lake Chad, French Lac Tchad, freshwater lake located in the Sahelian zone of west-central Africa at the conjunction of Chad, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger. It is situated in an interior basin formerly occupied by a much larger ancient sea that is sometimes called Mega-Chad.