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Can alkenes be reduced to alkanes?

Can alkenes be reduced to alkanes?

One of the most important reactions in synthetic organic chemistry is the reduction of alkenes (carbon-carbon double bonds) to alkanes (carbon-carbon single bonds). This exothermic process is commonly used in the production of saturated fats from unsaturated fats.

How do you get rid of an alkene?

Addition of hydrogen to a carbon-carbon double bond is called hydrogenation. The overall effect of such an addition is the reductive removal of the double bond functional group.

How do you break an alkene bond?

Ozonolysis is a method of oxidatively cleaving alkenes or alkynes using ozone (O3), a reactive allotrope of oxygen. The process allows for carbon-carbon double or triple bonds to be replaced by double bonds with oxygen.

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Is alkene to alkane reduction or oxidation?

Alkanes are highly reduced, while alcohols – as well as alkenes, ethers, amines, sulfides, and phosphate esters – are one step up on the oxidation scale, followed by aldehydes/ketones/imines and epoxides, and finally by carboxylic acid derivatives (carbon dioxide, at the top of the oxidation list, is specific to the …

What can reduce alkene?

An alkyne can be reduced to a Z (cis) alkene by “poisoning” the Pt catalyst so that the addition stops at the alkene; reagents that have been used are sulfur compounds such as barium sulfate, organic amines such as quinoline.

How do you make an alkane?

Alkane can be prepared from alkene and alkyne through the process of hydrogenation. In this process, dihydrogen gas is added to alkynes and alkenes in the present catalyst. This catalysts which are finely divided is like nickel, palladium or platinum to form alkanes.

What does kmno4 do to alkanes?

Alkanes and aromatic compounds do not react with potassium permanganate.

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How is an alkyne converted to an alkane?

Alkynes can be fully hydrogenated into alkanes with the help of a platinum, paladium, or nickel catalyst. Because the reaction is catalyzed on the surface of the metal, it is common for these catalysts to dispersed on carbon (Pd/C) or finely dispersed as nickel (Raney-Ni).